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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

ZEGADA A, José Antonio; BLANCO, Patricia; MONTANO-RUEDA, Karla N.  y  BLANCO CACERES, Boris A. Diabetic Retinopathy and other ocular findings in diabetic patients, assisted by the Foundations Cristo Vive and Vida Plena, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2013, vol.36, n.1, pp. 27-30. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: This study aims to present the ocular findings found in diabetic patients controlled by Fundación Cristo Vive Bolivia, in the town of Bella Vista, Quillacollo province of Cochabamba, Bolivia in February 2013. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional descriptive study. Were included in the study 28 patients with a mean age of 57 years (range 36 to 73 years) in whom we studied the presence of RD by biomicroscopy and fundus examination with dilation. We also carried out visual acuity and other ophthalmologic search. Results: Ophthalmologic most frequently encountered Hyperopia was no known association with diabetes mellitus (DM). Of all patients, in 29% RD was found in one of their presentations. As for RD patients, 62.5% had no proliferative DR, 25% of blindness and 12.5% RD proliferative DR. To determine the relationship between the time of DM and DR patients were grouped in 10-year intervals, we find that 62.5% of patients with disease of the retina is concentrated in the range of 11-20 years diagnosis of DM at the time of ophthalmologic evaluation. None of the patients with RD reached HbA1c levels expected, and even half of them increased their values in relation to a prior. Conclusions: glycemic control and duration of DM directly affect the progression of DR.

Palabras clave : diabetic retinopathy; Diabetes Mellitus; Diabetes complications.

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