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Vive Revista de Salud

versión impresa ISSN 2664-3243


ROA, Yadira; TENESACA, Andrea  y  BACULIMA SUAREZ, José. Dyslipidemia and cardiovascular risk in patients with chronic kidney disease. Vive Rev. Salud [online]. 2023, vol.6, n.18, pp.713-725.  Epub 25-Sep-2023. ISSN 2664-3243.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are responsible for most deaths as a consequence of dyslipidemia and chronic kidney disease (CKD). In Ecuador, one out of every five individuals suffers from arterial hypertension, a pathology that is directly related to cardiovascular diseases and chronic kidney disease. Objective. To characterize the cardiovascular risk profile in patients with chronic kidney disease and its association with the presence of dyslipidemia, attended at the Homero Castanier Hospital in the city of Azogues, during the period from January to December 2021. Materials and Methods. An observational, descriptive and retrospective research design was carried out in which 104 clinical histories of patients were analyzed, corresponding to the period between January and December 2021. The AMR-D risk prediction table of the World Health Organization/International Society of Hypertension for the Americas category D was used to calculate cardiovascular risk. The data were analyzed in the SPSS program, using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. Of the data analyzed, 44.2% of the 104 patients with chronic kidney disease presented dyslipidemia; at the same time, 74% of the patients in the study showed low cardiovascular risk, followed by 13.5% with moderate risk, with arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus standing out among the main comorbidities. Conclusions. The cardiovascular risk of patients with CKD treated at the Homero Castanier Hospital in the city of Azogues during the period January-December 2021 was characterized, finding a low prevalence of developing cardiovascular risk.

Palabras clave : Dyslipidemias; Heart Disease Risk Factors; Renal Insufficiency, Chronic; Hypertension.

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