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Economía Coyuntural

Print version ISSN 2415-0622On-line version ISSN 2415-0630


VAZQUEZ ELORZA, Ariel; HERRERA GARCIA, Adolfo Federico  and  ABSALON COPETE, Carlos. Impacts of COVID-19 in the Agri-Food Sector of Mexico: Methodologies and Analysis Tools. Revista de coyuntura y perspectiva [online]. 2020, vol.5, n.4, pp.59-88. ISSN 2415-0622.

Abstract This article estimates the impact on the agrifood sector of the SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus (Covid-19) and identifies socioeconomic characteristics of those infected in the Mexican Republic. The pandemic has exacerbated the country's problems and the macroeconomic consequences are considerably negative; with emphasis on the most vulnerable sectors. In Mexico, according to data from the National Survey of Occupation and Employment for the "first quarter of 2020, there are 6.5 million people engaged in agricultural work" (INEGI, 2020); of these 5.8 million are men and 0.77 million are women, with an average age of 41.7 years and schooling of 5.9 years; and of every 100 workers, 24 speak indigenous language. In this population 2,381,294 people are of vulnerable age to survive COVID-19 (50 years and over), being 89.54% men and 10.46% women. This population could be affected by the pandemic by 35%, as it is a vulnerable population by age and presents chronic-degenerative diseases. This would leave the agricultural sector in a possible production crisis, thus generating an increase in the prices of products from this sector and would force a strong dependence on imports.

Keywords : COVID-19; Agri-Food Sector; Logistic regression model.

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