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Revista Jurídica Derecho

versión impresa ISSN 2413-2810


RAMIREZ, Silvina. Is the judicial field a privileged aspect for the fight for indigenous rights in latin America?. Rev. Jur. Der. [online]. 2021, vol.10, n.15, pp.193-208. ISSN 2413-2810.

Abstract The multicultural constitutionalism of the 90s in Latin America installed the pluralist paradigm in relation to the administration of justice. This paradigm recognized the administration of own justice and the constitutional inclusion of indigenous law. More than a quarter of a century after that wave of reform, we are witnessing in the 21st century a “neo constitutionalism” adjective as plurinational. The Constitutions of Ecuador (2008) and Bolivia (2009) are much more powerful when it comes to recognizing indigenous jurisdiction, and they opened the doors to a doctrinal and normative development that has had advances and setbacks. The phenomena of globalization that include a certain economic matrix, the development models installed in Latin America that undermine indigenous rights, and an own regulatory system that is strongly incorporated in the latest constitutions of the region, generate deep contradictions that explain the ups and downs legal, and that are worth analyzing in the light of a critical reflection on the genuine decolonizing and emancipating capacity of the judicial field, and its transformative potential in the face of the recurrent undermining of rights.

Palabras clave : Legal pluralism; governance; neocolonialism; rights; indigenous movements.

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