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Journal of the Selva Andina Biosphere

versión On-line ISSN 2308-3859

Resumen

MARTINEZ-SALINAS, Aníbal Arturo¹ et al. Clean production of castilla mora (Rubus glaucus Benth), in ecuador based on microorganism, for a good living of fruit farmer. J. Selva Andina Biosph. [online]. 2019, vol.7, n.1, pp. 63-70. ISSN 2308-3859.

Abstract The present investigation proposes, the evaluation of the clean and organic technological components, with and without Tríchoderma for the management of the Moravian culture of Castile (Rubus Glaucus Benth) in the cantons Cevallos and Tisaleo belonging to the province of Tungurahua-Ecuador. The experimental design of randomized complete blocks (BCA) was used in factorial arrangement 2*2+1 with three, observing the clean management with 3 eyeles of Trichoderma (T3), presented the best results when evaluating numbers of buds per branch, fertilized flowers, fruits per branch and yield reaching the latter 19036.35 kg/ha for Cevallos and 24973.09 kg/ha for Tisaleo, Both the incidence and severity of Oídium, Botrytis and Peronospora were recorded in the organic management (A2), from the economic point of view in the town of Cevallos the treatment that presented lower costs that vary, the management of the producer without Tríchoderma spp (T7) with 634.99 USD, while the treatment Organic management with 3 cycles of Tríchoderma spp (T6) presented higher costs that vary with 1039.89 USD. According to the net benefit, it was determined that the Clean Management treatment plus 3 cycles of Tríchoderma spp (T3) presented a higher net benefit with USD 24764.26, while for the Producer Management without Tríchoderma spp. (T7) presented the lowest net profit with 6623.908 USD; evidencing treatment 3 as a new clean production alternative that reduces the use of agrochemicals and improves the production of arrears in the Andean zone of Ecuador.

Palabras clave : Incidence; severity; trichoderma; phytopathological.

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