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Revista Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación

versión impresa ISSN 2225-8787

Resumen

MARTINEZ, Scarley  y  NINA, Abigaíl. Prevalence of falls and consequences in older adults who live in the city of Sucre. Rev. Cien. Tec. In. [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.20, pp. 95-104. ISSN 2225-8787.

Abstract Falls have many consequences for older adults, leading to greater dependence and fragility. The study of falls arises from the progressive growth of aging, representing a public health problem. Objective: To determine the prevalence of falls and their consequences in elderly people living in the city of Sucre. Material and methods: This is a quantitative cross-sectional study conducted with 265 adults aged 60 years or older living in the urban area of the city of Sucre. The data collection was carried out through the interview between May and August 2018. The data was coded and processed in the EpiInfo program and presented in absolute and relative frequencies. Results: 56.23% of the elderly are female, 83.77% are between the ages of 60 and 79, 49.43% are married, the level of education and monthly income is low. They have health problems such as osteoarticular problems (26.04%), hypertension (14.72%) and diabetes (5.66%), most of them are independent, with some physiological difficulties. The prevalence of falls is 46.4%, being 69.1% adults who fell once or twice, apparently accidentally (44.7%). Among the consequences, 28.5 referred superficial wound and 8.9% fracture or other serious consequence. Conclusion: It is concluded that the prevalence of falls is high, 4 out of 10 adults had at least one fall in the last year and the reported consequences justify the need to take measures in this regard.

Palabras clave : Senior Adult; Falls; Consequences; Community.

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