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Revista de Investigacion Psicologica

versión impresa ISSN 2223-3032


DURAN VILA, Nadia Iris  y  DURAN CALLE, Vilma Loyola. Family functioning, attention and care practices in early childhood during the Covid -19 Pandemic in the Municipality of La Paz. Revista de Psicologia [online]. 2022, n.27, pp.154-166. ISSN 2223-3032.

This article describes and analyzes family functioning and the care and attention practices applied in early childhood during the Covid -19 pandemic. The research was carried out taking into account a quantitative approach, a descriptive type of study and a non-experimental cross-sectional design. According to the characteristics of the investigation, a non-probabilistic intentional sample was applied, 323 mothers, 92 fathers and 105 family caregivers of early childhood children from the Municipality of La Paz participated in the investigation.

The results show that families with children in early childhood, during the pandemic, have presented greater challenges to adapt, the level of family functioning was moderate, however the management of discipline and leadership mainly assumed by fathers, mothers and caregivers have presented greater difficulties. To maintain balance within the family according to Rodríguez, (1995) cited by Amar et al, 2016, periods of change and stability are important, this last component, product of the pandemic, was limited, thus causing greater times of instability. , uncertainty affecting adaptation processes within families, adding that caring for a child from 0 to 5 years of age demands more time and the application of specific care practices.

The attention and care during early childhood is crucial for the optimal development of the boy and the girl, the results of the study reveal that the practices are applied in a moderate way, those that have been most affected are feeding and resting, those that have been better attended are health and affectivity. It is noteworthy to mention that care is assumed mostly by mothers and caregivers, still revealing that the figure of the father is not involved in all care practices with his sons and daughters in early childhood, assuming a shared parenting role between the father and mother by the pandemic was affected.

Finally, indicate that the pandemic has influenced different areas of life and the most vulnerable populations such as children in early childhood are more affected, increasing the gaps and violations of the exercise of their rights in education, health and protection.

Palabras clave : Attention and care practices; Early childhood; Family functioning; Pandemic.

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