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Revista de Investigacion Psicologica

versión On-line ISSN 2223-3032

Resumen

GUEVARA, Exequiel  y  MORALES, Camilo. Cognitive screening in Parkinson's disease: a theoretical review. Revista de Psicologia [online]. 2017, n.18, pp. 11-19. ISSN 2223-3032.

Background: Parkinson's disease is the second more prevalent neurodegenerative pathology in the world. It presents motor and non-motor symptomatology. Among the latest, cognitive impairments stand out, characterized initially for executive function changes. Objective: To propose a cognitive screening test according to the characteristic Neuropsychological profile of Parkinson's disease patients. Method: A theoretical study of classic type was realized, using as main database Medline. Moreover, it was complemented with Clinicai Practice Guidelines, Parkinson-related Journals and other databases. Results: There is a wide variety of generic and specific instruments to assess cognitive deficit on Parkinson's disease, the analyzed evidence suggests that Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is the actual suitable screening test to choose in order to assess and detect these early changes in this population. Conclusion: Although Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is chosen the suitable instrument to assess and detect early cognitive deficit in Parkinson's Disease, it's agreed that more studies are necessary to prove its properties and to be considered a unitary screening test to neuropsychological assessment in this population.

Palabras clave : Parkinson's disease; screening; cognitive assessment; Montreal Cognitive Assessment; neuropsychology.

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