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Revista Ciencia y Cultura

versión impresa ISSN 2077-3323


LOPEZ, Luis Enrique. Towards the recovery of the meaning of intercultural bilingual education. Rev Cien Cult [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.46, pp.41-66. ISSN 2077-3323.

This article seeks to contribute to a critical evaluation of intercultural bilingual education (IBE), an educational model with at least five decades of conceptual development and implementation in Latin America. When this term was coined and IBE began to influence educational decision-making, Amerindian populations were mostly monolingual and their settlements were mainly rural and distant from the seats of hegemony and power. The situation is now different, as indigenous individuals and families are also in the cities, and today they assert their indigeneity more than before. In light of these profound political, social, cultural and economic transformations, we examine the evolution of IBE to determine whether it still responds to the different needs and expectations of indigenous children, youth and adults, as well as to the equally diverse sociolinguistic contexts that have been shaped throughout the history of minoritization of indigenous societies. We analyze IBE through the lenses of language ideology, policy and planning, as well as pedagogy. It concludes with an analysis of the challenges facing IBE and identifies possible new horizons for these and other indigenous political-pedagogical endeavors.

Palabras clave : Agency; bilingualism; interculturality; multiculturalism; multilingualism; language policy and planning; multilingualism; education reform; revitalization.

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