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Revista Ciencia y Cultura

versión impresa ISSN 2077-3323


MENDIETA PARADA, Pilar. By Order of the Holy Pope of Rome: the "Proclamation of Caracollo", by Pablo Zarate Willka (1899). Rev Cien Cult [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.42, pp. 141-164. ISSN 2077-3323.

In 1899, Bolivia suffered a bloody civil war known as the Federal War, between liberals and conservatives. The liberals acted in alliance with the indigenous movement led by Pablo Zárate, better known as Fearsome (el temible) Willka. In the course of the war, the Indians led two massacres, one of them against an ally squadron. Fearing for the fate of the alliance, Willka sent a declaration known as the Proclamation of Caracollo to all the rebel centers. The content of the proclamation is a call to reconciliation that summarizes the political position of Zárate, through a legal, political and religious discourse which spells out how the Indians understood their role within the future liberal republic. The article seeks to analyze this document with the aim of understanding the aspects of the discourse most important for the Indian vision of what was occurring, in the context of the war.

Palabras clave : Proclamation of Caracollo; Zárate Willka; José Manuel Pando; Guerra Federal; Messianism.

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