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Revista Ciencia y Cultura

versión impresa ISSN 2077-3323

Resumen

IRUROZQUI, Marta. Sovereignty and Punishment in Charcas. Military and Judicial Repression of the Juntas of La Plata and La Paz (1808-1810). Rev Cien Cult [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.42, pp. 9-35. ISSN 2077-3323.

The article poses the question of why the Spanish monarchy reacted more severely in repressing the Revolutionary Junta (Junta Tuitiva) proclaimed in La Paz than against the Junta of La Plata, in 1809. This research digresses from the Bolivian historiographical repeated notion that presents juntas as completely of a pro-independence nature. Considering them instead as a crisis of authority which occurred in different spheres, the author analyzes the notions of authority and sovereignty in the Spanish Colonial context, stating that the Juntas responded rather to a rationale of defense on the part of Spain in face the threat of France and Portugal; and that their repression had the aim of avoiding a redistribution and dispersion of royal sovereignty among the bodies of authority of Charcas, as well as to support their own institutional legitimacy. Consequently, the repression of the Junta of La Paz was more severe and effective than the one against that of La Plata.

Palabras clave : Junta Tuitiva of La Paz; Junta of La Plata; Independence of Bolivia.

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