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Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Económico

versión On-line ISSN 2074-4706

Resumen

MORALES, Juan Antonio. La economía política del populismo boliviano del siglo 21. rlde [online]. 2009, n.12, pp.103-142. ISSN 2074-4706.

Populist experiments are recurrent in Latin America. One of the most conspicuous cases is that of Bolivia in the 21st century under the government of Evo Morales and his Movement to Socialism (MAS). The populism of this century, in common with previous experiences, prioritizes the redistribution of income and wealth, based on the central role of the state on the one hand and on nationalism in the other hand. A new feature of the populism of the 21st century is the incorporation of the ethnic demands of the large indigenous population. Economic policies are geared to short-term political gains, ignoring long term consequences. However, the aggression to markets, blatant in the nationalizations and in the New Constitution, has been more important than fiscal and monetary expansions. Also, because of the benign international environment, the policies of the MAS government have not had to face fiscal or balance of payments constraints.

Palabras clave : Bolivia; Populismo del siglo 21; Evo Morales; redistribución de ingresos.

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