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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society

Print version ISSN 2072-9294On-line version ISSN 2072-9308


SANTOYO-PIZANO, Gustavo et al. Rhizobium phaseoli tolerant to insecticide on the growth of Phaseolus vulgaris. J. Selva Andina Res. Soc. [online]. 2021, vol.12, n.1, pp.30-37. ISSN 2072-9294.

The genus and species of Rhizobium phaseoli are useful as an inoculant for the production of Phaseolus vulgaris (beans) in the root nodules symbiotic stage fixes molecular nitrogen (FN) for supplying nitrogen (N) for healthy growth. In P. vulgaris cropping, pesticides are used to control root insects, which could reduce the beneficial effect of R. phaseoli. The purpose of this work was to isolate and select R. phaseoli diazinon´s tolerance. In that sense, R. phaseoli were cultivated in a medium mixed with diazinon in order to select R. phaseoli tolerant to the pesticide. This mutant of R. phaseoli tolerant to diazinon was inoculated in P. vulgaris the effect was evaluated 45 days later. The response of P. vulgaris was measured by the number of effective nodules at the roots, fresh and dry weight, and the height of the plant.  Results showed that R. phaseoli tolerant to diazinon kept its beneficial activity for the healthy growth of P. vulgaris. It was concluded that R. phaseoli tolerant to diazinon were infective and effective for the health growth of P. vulgaris.

Keywords : Soil; R. phaseoli; P. vulgaris; symbiosis; biological N2 fixing; insecticides; insect-pest.

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