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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society

On-line version ISSN 2072-9294


RODRIGUEZ-HERNANDEZ, Adán Israel  and  PELAYO-GONZALEZ, Mónica Elizabeth. Description and evaluation of the effects of the cetogenic diet in children with refractory epilepsy. J. Selva Andina Res. Soc. [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.2, pp.142-152. ISSN 2072-9294.

Refractory epilepsy is due to that drug-resistant epilepsy in which there is no improvement after the application of various antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). The Telethon Children's Rehabilitation Center cares for a large population of children with some type of epilepsy. Recently, the application of the home intervention protocol for the ketogenic diet (DC) has increased. A few years ago, DC was only attended with extreme surveillance in a hospital center under rigid schemes. With this background, the objective of this study was to describe the experience and findings of a series of 10 cases of children with refractory epilepsy treated with this DC protocol over the course of at least 1 year. All the cases of children (n = 10) attended at the Telethon Children's Rehabilitation Center, Aguascalientes, Mexico, who were treated with the ketogenic diet between the dates of February 2010 and June 2015, were reviewed by means of an electronic clinical record criteria for refractory epilepsy, as well as surveillance for pediatric neurology and nutrition. The DC home intervention protocol was established under the criteria of Lambruschini-Nilo & Gutiérrez-Sánchez, where it started with a classic type DC with a 2: 1 ratio during the first week of adaptation and then went on to the 3: 1 or 4 ratio: 1 corresponding according to patient tolerance. The reduction in the number of crises was measured at 3 months and one year after surgery. A one-way ANOVA general linear model with repeated measures was applied to measure the efficacy at 3 months and one year of treatment, finding statistical significance when comparing the results means of the number of epileptic events before the diet (p = <0.006). . The most frequent type of epilepsy was West Syndrome in 4 patients, Lennox Gastaut Syndrome in 3 patients, Severe Myoclonic Epilepsy of Childhood and other types of epilepsy, 3 patients. The most common side effects were constipation in 60% of the population, and the least common were hypoalphalipoproteinemia-like dyslipidemia in 30%, reflux in 20%, and kidney stones in 10%.

Keywords : Ketogenic diet; refractory epilepsy; convulsive crisis.

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