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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society

On-line version ISSN 2072-9294


VASQUEZ-AMPUERO, Juan Marco  and  TASAYCO-ALCANTARA, Walter Richard. Presence of pathogens in raw chicken meat in retail centers, Huánuco-Peru: A health problem. J. Selva Andina Res. Soc. [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.2, pp.130-141. ISSN 2072-9294.

The objective of this study was to determine the sanitary hygienic condition of the raw chicken meat (CM) sales centers in the main markets of the city of Huánuco-Peru. 50 establishments that sell raw CM were sampled. Samples of 200 g of meat were taken in each of the premises, which were processed in the LM-FMVZ UNHV. For the detection of Escherichia coli, Petrifilm EC plates were used according to the official method and for Salmonella spp., The Salmonella Express System (SALX) assay on 3M Petrifilm plates. At the same time, to assess the sanitary and hygienic conditions of the establishments and those responsible for selling meat, a questionnaire on good handling practices was applied. It was observed that all the samples were contaminated, with CFU / g PF of E. coli, on average 1988 CFU / g PF±3.74 of E. coli, and as for Salmonella spp., all the cases were positive to it. In addition, poor and regular sanitary hygiene conditions of infrastructure are demonstrated. Therefore, the sale of raw CM does not comply with good food handling practices. In the Huánuco markets, the issued CM is considered by the NTP to be unfit for human consumption.

Keywords : Enterobacteriaceae; Salmonella; Escherichia coli; chicken meat; hygiene practices; markets; sanitary conditions.

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