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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society

On-line version ISSN 2072-9294


GABRIEL-ORTEGA, Julio Luis et al. Innovations in horticultural production matrix to reduce the effect of climate change in Puerto la Boca, Jipijapa, Ecuador. J. Selva Andina Res. Soc. [online]. 2020, vol.11, n.1, pp.2-17. ISSN 2072-9294.

Between 2017 and 2018, a project on the development of technological alternatives for the sustainable production of greenhouse vegetables was implemented, with the aim of innovating the change in the horticultural production matrix to contribute to the reduction of the effect of climate change on the Puerto La Boca area, Jipijapa, Ecuador. In order to fulfill this objective, various activities were developed, articulating the three substantive axes of the State University of the South of Manabí, such as academia, research and linking, with the participation of the same university, the Agro-artisan Association of Puerto la Boca, the Decentralized Autonomous Government (DAG Municipal) and the private company. The substantive functions were articulated through the development of knowledge and technologies, the strengthening of the capacities of the producers, the realization of field days, as well as the systematic involvement of students (in research, pre-professional practices and bonding) and teachers in the activities The results achieved were the development of a technological offer such as tomato (Alambra, Itaipu and Baikor), pepper (Macantro and Tandara) and melon (Kapaz and Kazik) hybrids and methods Integrated disease management (IDM) and management integrated vegetables (MIV) more appropriate and timely as the development of a strategy based on four fundamental principles such as: a) The alternation of systemic and contact fungicides, b) non-application of the systemic fungicide more than three times c) the use of microorganisms (Bacillus and/or Trichoderma) that replace the contact fungicide and d) the reduction in the number of applications. These technologies and methodologies were made available to producers, so that they achieve better products and give them the opportunity to achieve business with better profitability margins in differentiated market niches (supermarkets); as well as the strengthening of the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the producers.

Keywords : Producers; opportunities; technologies; business; niches; market; hybrids; IDM; IVM.

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