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Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society

Print version ISSN 2072-9294On-line version ISSN 2072-9308


GABRIEL, Julio et al. Quinoa from Valley (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.): Valuable source of genetic resistance to powdery mildew(Peronospora farinosa Willd.). J. Selva Andina Res. Soc. [online]. 2012, vol.3, n.2, pp.27-44. ISSN 2072-9294.

In order to identify quinoa resistant cultivars  to powdery mildew (Peronospora farinosa) of high yield and large grain size, 36 cultivars were evaluated under two different fungicide applications  and a control in the Valle Bajo from Cochabamba. We determined the realtive Area under Develop Progress Curve of Peronosporafarinosa (AUDPCPF relative), the yield and another eleven quantitative variables. The results showed that cultivars 01Tardía, 08Tardía, 12Tardía, 04Tardía, 11Tardía 10Tardía, 19Tardía y 18Tardía were susceptible and the cultivars H172, A26, A03, A16, A22, A14 and H171 were resistant. The cultivars A40, H177, A26, H172, A25, A1 y H176 showed yields from 3.4 to 6.34 t ha-1). The cultivars 15 Tardía, 03 Tardía, 14 Tardía, H173, H171, A25, H176 and H172  with chemical control strategy and the tricobalreacted favorably against powdery mildew, which was associated with levels of resistance in each cultivar. Finally, there was a high significant negative correlation between the variables AUDPCPF relative and physiological maturity, plant length, panicle length, stem diameter, panicle diameter and weight of 100 seeds. This showed that when the attack of mildewis severe, also affects the grains yield.

Keywords : Grain; cultivars; Peronosporafarinosa relative; yield; seed diameter.

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