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Revista Científica Ciencia Médica

versión On-line ISSN 2220-2234

Resumen

CESPEDES LESCZINSKY, Miguel  y  VELASCO ABULARACH, Zurama.   Frequent germs in infections associated with health care in UCI Pediatric. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp. 20-25. ISSN 2220-2234.

ABSTRACT Infections associated with health care represent a serious problem for patients treated in hospitals, even more so in the case of children in the Intensive Care Unit, for this reason we performed this descriptive, retrospective and cross-sectional study during a period of 4 years (2012-2015) in order to know the most frequent germs and their antibiotic sensitivity in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit of the Hospital Materno Infantil Boliviano Japonés of the city of Trinidad, in the same one that admitted patients admitted in the unit with Positive cultures from different locations. The results obtained show that the 3 most frequent germs in the unit are Klebsiella, Enterobacter and Burkholderia, the latter being the cause of higher mortality among patients whose cultures were positive, blood cultures obtained a higher percentage of positive, Candida albicans was more frequent in Urocultures and E.coli in co-cultures. Burkholderia is only sensitive to Meropenem and Cotrimoxazole, Enterobacter to Imipenem, Amikacin and Ciprofloxacin, Klebsiella to Imipenem, Meropenem and Amikacin. The resistance of all microorganisms to Gentamicin and Cephalosporins is striking. We made it clear that it is important to set up a Hospital Infection Committee so as to be able to combine efforts and guidelines that lead to a reduction in the incidence and prevalence of these germs in the unit, taking into account that there are few alternatives of antibiotic treatment with which we count.

Palabras clave : Germs; ¡nfections; pediatrics.

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