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Revista Científica Ciencia Médica

Print version ISSN 1817-7433On-line version ISSN 2220-2234


PINTO GARCIA, Luis José; LOBO CERNA, Fernando Enrique; ANDRADE-ROMERO, Jovanna Raquel  and  MARIA SORIANO, Elvia.   Characterization of cardiovascular risk factors for myocardial acute infarction in a Garifuna Population.. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2017, vol.20, n.1, pp.16-19. ISSN 1817-7433.

ABSTRACT Introduction. Cardiovascular disease is characterized by a multifactorial etiology, with risk factors generally being strengthened among themselves and frequently associated. The objective of this study was to characterize cardiovascular risk factors for acute myocardial infarction in a Garifuna population, taking into account modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors. The results of this study will facilitate the creation of intervention programs for the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and the reduction of risk factors in the population of Ciriboya and / or similar populations. Methods. A quantitative observational, descriptive, cross - sectional study was performed. The sample consisted of 139 individuals, calculated with a confidence level of 95%, selected by random probabilistic sampling. The Colombian Cardiology Association Survey was used as a data collection instrument, which assigns scores to the risk factors according to their magnitude; Was applied house to house to the members of the household in the studied age range. Results. It was found that 67% of the respondents presented cardiovascular risk; Of the women surveyed, 64% are at risk, while 71% of men are at risk. The most prevalent risk factors were overweight (58%), family history of hypertension (43%), family history of diabetes mellitus (35%) and diagnosed hypertension (32%). Conclusions. In the studied population, men have a higher cardiovascular risk than women. Among the risk factors the most significant was overweight.

Keywords : Cardiovascular; myocarido; acute myocardial ¡nfarction.

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