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Revista Científica Ciencia Médica

Print version ISSN 2077-3323


ULLOA-GALVAN, Víctor Manuel; DE LA TORRE-CABRAL, Carlos Alberto; CORTES-RAMIREZ, Juan Manuel  and  SALAZAR-DE SANTIAGO, Alfredo. Arterial hypertension in minors of the general hospital of Zacatecas, Mexico. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2016, vol.19, n.2, pp.27-32. ISSN 2077-3323.

Aim: To obtain the prevalence of hypertension in children in the General Hospital of Zacatecas (HGZ). Identify gender, age, etiology, diagnosis, and therapeutic methods Confirmatory. In addition, to compare results with the medical literature. Methods: Retrospective study that analyzed 5 941 digital records of pediatric cardiology and pediatric nephrology of HGZ, from August 2013 to August 2015, in the hospital computer system, called SIGHO. Patients were selected with diagnosis of systemic hypertension (HAS), reviewing gender, age, etiology, methods of diagnostic confirmation and treatment indicated by the central and administrative computer of the hospital for identify queries and patients with specific filters. Data analysis was established by the SPSS.19® Software for Windows. Results: Of 5 941 total views, 3 277 and 2 664 of pediatric cardiology and pediatric nephrology. With only 40 patients with HAS, 0,67%; 25 of them male, 62,5%; main frequency seated between the ages of 1-4 years, with 45%. In its etiology most they had aortic coarctation with 57,5%, chronic renal failure in 27,5%, only 1 child with renal tumor, 1 with HAS by the renal vasculature and 1 with HAS primary, equivalent to 2,5% and 3 patients was classified with HAS secondary unspecified 7,5%. Conclusions: Highlight the low prevalence of pediatric hypertension, 0,67%, almost 6,000 consultations, compared with world literature 1,5-3%; Casuistry with coarctation in 57,5% and chronic renal failure in 27,5%, and other renal diseases less frequently, investing causes aortic coarctation first and then parenchymal kidney problems.

Keywords : Hypertension; child; Epidemiology.

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