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Revista Científica Ciencia Médica

versión impresa ISSN 1817-7433versión On-line ISSN 2220-2234


MAITA GARCIA, Ximena et al. Clinical - Epidemiological pattern of Leprosy in the department of Cochabamba during the decade 2000-2010. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2012, vol.15, n.1, pp.6-10. ISSN 1817-7433.

Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that affects the skin and peripheral nerves. The Objectives to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological behavior of leprosy for which we performed a retros-pective longitudinal study in the Department of Cochabamba during the decade from 2000 to 2010 represented by 54 cases. The source of data collection is through epidemiological clinical records of patients, we used the program Microsoft Excel for data processing and SPSS 19, as a summary measure we used percentage. The year 2009 shows the highest incidence with 5.50 * 10^6; the most affected age group is 57 to 66 years, male sex was the most affected with 61 %, 20.37%. In 16.7% of the cases, Carrasco province is identified as a probable contagion place. Lepromatous leprosy is the most common clinical form with 59%; bacteriological examination was positive in 24 cases, 63%,79.6% (43 cases) are index cases with respect to the focus and in relation to the first symptoms we found that 20.4% had nodules. We conclude that the highest incidence rates has occurred in the year 2009, more than half of the patients were classified as lepromatous leprosy untha positive-smear and most are considered as the index case in relation to the source of infection.

Palabras clave : Leprosy; Lepromatous leprosy; Epidemiology; Mycobacterium leprae.

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