Revista Científica Ciencia Médica
versão impressa ISSN 1817-7433
CHUCA TUMIRI, Alfredo; CHOQUE VERDUGUEZ, Jimena; PEREZ TERCEROS, María Julia e ESCOBAR MELENDRES, Edson. Conduct of acute respiratory infections with/without Pneumonia, 5 years in "San Benito" health center, april-june 2010. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.2, pp. 12-15. ISSN 1817-7433.
Is assumed as Acute Respiratory Infection all respiratory tract infections caused by microorganisms with less than 15 days evolution, where the most common presentation is the acute catarrhal Rhinopharyngitis with the presence of one or more symptoms or clinical signs, which may or may not be accompanied by fever and sometimes complicated with pneumonia. This study aims to determine the prevalence and treatment of acute respiratory infections with or without pneumonia in children under 5 years who carne for outpatient Health Center in San Benito. It is a transversal descriptive study, included all children (500 children) with a diagnosis of acute respiratory infection, researched children under 5 years, in the management 2010 fromApril I to june 30.According to the results, the distribution by sex shows a larger male child population affected, with 260 (58.8%) in relation to the female with 240 (41.2%). Of the total of 500 children with acute respiratory infections, 450 (95.3%) were diagnosed as IRA without pneumonia and only 25 cases (4.7%) such IRA with pneumonia. In conclusión the prevalence of IRA was 36.4%; half of IRA cases oceurred in the group of the RN to 3 years, which indicates the great need for further research to make a continuous monitoring of morbidity and interventions that are translated by a decrease in child mortality due to these causes.
Palavras-chave : Pneumonía; IRAs; younger patients.