Revista Científica Ciencia Médica
versão impressa ISSN 1817-7433
FUENTES SOLIZ, Jorge Alberto; VARGAS FUENTES, Omar Marcelo e MUSTAFA MILLAN, Omar Manuel. Floating Knee Study in Patients of Hospital Clínico Viedma. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2011, vol.14, n.1, pp. 12-16. ISSN 1817-7433.
"Floating knee" refers to the combination of fracture of femur and tibia ipsilateral .The exact incidence is unknown, but has a complex therapeutic approach, a high rate of complications and high mortality. This study pretends to determine aspects of this disease in our environment and to analyze them in a comprehensive manner, making this a retrospective descriptive study longitudinal spanning 18 months (from July 2008 to December 2009) includes 17 patients with diagnosis of "Floating knee" entered in the service of Orthopedics and Traumatology of the Hospital Clinico Viedma. The results showed that this injury is equivalent to 1.9% of the cases covered by this service. 82.35% corresponds to men.The middle age was 34 years. The most common mechanism: motoreyele accident (41,18%), followed by hasty (29.41%). The most common classification was Fraser type I (68.82%). The definitive surgical treatment apply between 5o and 14° day on the 73.3%, mostly using medullar center nail in femur and tibia. The results of the treatment were: excellent 40%, good 33.3%, regular 20% and poor in 6.6 % according to the scale of Karlstrom and Olerud. Associated injuries: TEC (80%), fracture of pelvis (60%), closed abdominal trauma (60%) and chest trauma (33.3%). In the complications, one patient died of multiorganic fail, another concluded in amputation, and five presented infection. The research group concluded that aspects of this disease, its presentation and treatment in our environment, are in general similar to those that are described in the medical literature.
Palavras-chave : Floating knee; fractured femur; tibia fracture; ¡psilateral.