Revista Científica Ciencia Médica
versión impresa ISSN 1817-7433
MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; HURTADO SANCHEZ, Amparo y TRINY LOAYZA, Wendy. Risk Assessment and Control of Nutrition in Surgical Patients of The Hospital Central Ivirgarzama. Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2010, vol.13, n.2, pp. 65-68. ISSN 1817-7433.
We performed an analytical study of cases and controls, double-blind study in 228 patients admitted to different services Surgical Ivirgarzama Central Hospital from July 2009 to June 2010, with the aim of assessing and monitoring nutritional risk and its relationship with incidence of postoperative complications. The sample was divided into 2 subgroups: one received a personalized nutritional management with the factor of injury in the calculation of baseline requirements, for its part, the second group received standard postoperative nutritional support, corresponding to the control group.The most significant results were:43.9% were at low risk, 16.67% at intermedíate risk, and the same proportion 16.67% of the high risk, only 22.8% had no preoperative nutritional risk.The incidence of complications study group: 3.1% in patients with nutritional management as nutritional risk, 7.5% in patients with conventional nutritional management, and 20% in patients who were not evaluated. The most common complications found in these patients are 31% local infections, ileus, abdominal 22%, 19% local abscesses, fístulas 13%, 9% suture dehiscence and septic shock in 6% of patients. Reached the following conclusions that patients with general nutritional management not based on nutritional risk assessment had more complications than the group receiving standard management and the group was not assessed, local sepsis being the most common of these in the three groups.
Palabras llave : nutritional risk; post-operative complications.