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Revista Científica Ciencia Médica

versión On-line ISSN 2220-2234

Resumen

ARISPE ANTEZANA, Jhonny; SANCHEZ-BAYA, Maya; SERRANO PINTO, Yamile Giovanna  y  TERAN FERNANDEZ, Paola Nataly. Spirometric Data in Medical Students from Mayor the San Simon University (June-December 2009). Rev Cient Cienc Méd [online]. 2010, vol.13, n.1, pp. 14-18. ISSN 2220-2234.

Background: Spirometric values are an invaluable test of health screening of the respiratory and identifying individuals at risk for lung disease, it is therefore important to establish reference values of each community. Objectives: To determine the values of peak expiratory flow (PEF) and Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV-1) students of the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Mayor de San Simón, period June-December 2009; also determine average values FEM in students who smoke and nonsmokers, and those who do physical exercise and students not healthy or lung disease and / or heart disease. Materials and methods: In this prospective, longitudinal study. Sample 221 students (18-25 years).We used the preset measurement technique using a spirometer internationally Microlife ® manual. Data were collected on a log sheet and statistical analysis (t-Student and correlation) was performed in SPSS. Results: The mean values of PEF in L / min were 517,28 ± 145,19 in healthy subjects, 421,42 ± 156,04 in people with lung disease and / or heart rate (p = 0,00) in people smokers and 523,74 ± 151,03 426,31 ± 154,81 in nonsmokers (p = 0,00) and between people and athletes 466,72 ± 160 424,86 ± 155,61 in non-athletes (p = 0,071) The average values of FEV-1 in L / sec were: 3,39 male (18-20 years) and 3,76 (21 -25 years), women 2,79 (18-20 years) and 2,72 (21 -25 years). Conclusion: The values of PEF and FEV-1 are lower than international values, and are in direct relation to height. Healthy people, smokers have a higher PEF value.

Palabras clave : Peak Expiratory Flow Rate; Forced Expiratory Volume; Spirometry.

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