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Revista Médica La Paz

versão On-line ISSN 1726-8958

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VILCA YAHUITA, Jimena; RODRIGUEZ AUAD, Juan Pablo  e  PHILCO LIMA, Patricia. RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH INTRAHOSPITAL INFECTIONS IN CRITICAL PATIENTS. Rev. Méd. La Paz [online]. 2020, vol.26, n.1, pp. 9-17. ISSN 1726-8958.

OBJECTIVE. To determine risk factors for intrahospital infection in critical patients treated at Ovidio Aliaga Uría Children Hospital from December 2017 to December 2018. MATERIAL AND METHODS. A case-control study was conducted. Cases were those patients who developed intrahospital infection at their staying, and controls were those who did not develop infection. Patients admitted to hospital for infection and those treated outside the study time were excluded. RESULTS. Data collection reflected 49 cases and 50 controls. Cases displayed higher malnutrition (63.27 %) than controls (40 %). At least one comorbidity was observed in most of the cases (75.5 % and 52 %) as well as a prior use of antibiotics (57.14 % and 26 %), and hospital stay was longer than 7 days (91.8% and 58.9%). Infection risk factors were malnutrition (OR 2.5 IC95 % 1.06-6.3), comorbidity (OR 2.8 IC95 % 1.11-7.37), antibiotics prior use (OR 3.79 IC95 % 1.5-9.7), hospital stay longer than 7 days (OR 7.8 IC95 % 2.13-35), use of central venous catheter (OR 2.8 IC95 % 1.04-7.6), peripheral venous access (OR 7.4 IC95 % 1.48-70.9), probes (OR 14 IC95% 3.6-78), probes use longer than 10 days (OR 9 CI95 % 3.2-26.8), and surgical intervention (OR 8.3 CI95 % 2.1-46.9). The most frequently isolated germ in cases was Gram Negative (51%) CONCLUSIONS. Preventive strategies such as training programs and supervision of health personnel on the correct installation and care of medical devices need to be strengthened.

Palavras-chave : Intrahospital infection; pediatric intensive care unit.

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