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vol.23 número1PREVALENCIA DE ESTEATOSIS HEPÁTICA NO ALCOHÓLICA EN PACIENTES DIABÉTICOS TIPO 2, CON O SIN SÍNDROME METABÓLICO índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Revista Médica La Paz

versión On-line ISSN 1726-8958

Resumen

LUNA BARRON, Beatriz et al. COMORBIDITIES IN DOWN'S SYNDROME PEOPLE, RESIDENTS OF LA PAZ-BOLIVIA, 2015. Rev. Méd. La Paz [online]. 2017, vol.23, n.1, pp. 5-11. ISSN 1726-8958.

Down syndrome (DS) is a genetic condition caused by 21 chromosome trisomy, characterized by multisystemic disease with main neurobiological damage. The frequency is 1/700 live births. It entails an effect of gene dose excess that plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various comorbidities in DS such as congenital heart disease, thyroid dysgenesis, refractive errors, hematological disorders, etc. The study's objective was determine the comorbidities frequency in people with DS from La Paz city in Bolivia through a descriptive cross-sectional survey with multidisciplinary and interinstitutional assessments. Most of observed comorbidities are in parameters reported in other population studies, however striking a high frequency of pulmonary arterial hypertension (93%), thyroid gland hypoplasia (90%), refractive errors (90 %), kidney pieloectasy (30%) and eritrocitosis (10%), as our population findings regarding the genetic and environmental conditions ( high altitude over the sea level). The prevalence of medical conditions in people with SD affects negatively their life quality and expectancy. However, there are medical, educational and social strategies for DS persons, searching for prevention and monitoring to improve their life quality and quantity.

Palabras clave : Down syndrome; Comorbidities; High Altitude.

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