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Revista Médica La Paz

versión On-line ISSN 1726-8958

Resumen

VIRUEZ SOTO, José Luis; TORREZ CRUZ, Karen Mabel; VERA CARRASCO, Oscar  y  BAILEY ROJAS, Franz Bruno. NUTRITIONAL SUPPORT IN THE SEPTIC PATIENT: WHAT IS THE ROLE OF IMMUNONUTRITION WITH GLUTAMINE IN PATIENTS AFTER ABDOMINAL SEPSIS?. Rev. Méd. La Paz [online]. 2013, vol.19, n.1, pp. 5-14. ISSN 1726-8958.

Objective: To evaluate the effect of glutamine administration associated with total parenteral nutrition (TPN) and / or supplemental parenteral nutrition (NPC), in patients presenting with abdominal sepsis resolved surgically (qx), on short-term morbidity. Materials and methods: We conducted a randomized double-blind randomized controlled trial in the ICU ofthe Hospital Municipal Boliviano Dutch (HMBH), Bolivian-Japanese Gastroenterological Institute (IGBJ) and the Military Social Security Corporation (COSSMIL). We selected 216 patients with abdominal sepsis (sepsis, severe sepsis and septic shock) that needed surgery and postoperatively treated in ICUs of hospitals mentioned. After 72 hours of surgery, started total parenteral nutrition (TPN) or supplemental parenteral nutrition (NPC) in two groups: the first: NPT / NPC supplemented with glutamine and second only to NPT / standard NPC. On day 1 and 3 after surgery NUU levels were measured, the APACHE II, the infectious and noninfectious complications associated nitrogen balance and the length of hospital stay. Results: No statisticallysignificant differences were foundin anyoftheparameters measured between the glutamine group (GGLUT) and no glutamine group (GNGLUT). However, in a subanalysis of GGLUT found a significant difference in the value of APACHE II between the first day and the third (P <0.05). With respect to mortality, it was similar in both groups, being about 10% at 30 days. Conclusion: The early NPC NPT or supplemented with glutamine no differences in terms of early metabolic response to trauma, nutritional status prior nor hypercatabolism protein. However, this is associated apparently less severe septic box base.

Palabras clave : immunonutrition; glutamine; sepsis.

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