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Revista Médica La Paz

versión On-line ISSN 1726-8958

Resumen

CHUNGARA MONTANO, Jorge  y  AREVALO BAREA, Raúl Arturo. INTRAHEPATIC BILIARY ASCARIASIS: CASE REPORT. Rev. Méd. La Paz [online]. 2011, vol.17, n.2, pp. 39-45. ISSN 1726-8958.

The ascariosis is common among children worldwide, because it does not require special territorial and/or environmental factors, the liver ascariosis is the least frequent complication of parasitic infection by the intestinal geohelminto. However, table of biliary ascariosis complicated with liver abscesses is observed in areas endemic in our Latin America, where it must be a diagnosis to be considered in patients with biliary obstructive, mainly in children symptoms, since by the small size of their bodies they are more likely to develop an obstructive syndrome and, as a result various complications. The migration of parasites can cause peritonitis after penetrating the abdominal wall and blockage coledociana attendant Biliary colic, cholangitis or pancreatitis. This nematode has the ability to enterinto pipeline, as a biliary intra and extrahepática, and to die within the same causes serious complications such as obstruction and cholangitis secondary abscesses. Clinical case. The case of a girl of 2 years and 10 months of age with antecedent of geophagy, proteico-calórica chronic malnutrition grade II and socioeconomic level low, which was presented with history of elimination of round worms by the mouth and rectum, abdominal bloating, abdominal pain, vomiting and daily fever not quantified, two weeks of evolution. Abdominal ultrasound found images hipoecogénicas of tubular structure, that the pressure of the transducer is self-replicate "C”-shaped or Horseshoe took place. The patient developed abdominal distention, characterized by tension and intense abdominal pain. Discussion: Ascariosis Hepatobiliary, although rare, reports in common form in endemic countries and has a high morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed and establishing appropriate early management. It is imperative that boasts doctors are aware of this parasitosis that with proper management contribute to decrease mainly child mortality from this cause. It is necessary to implement prevention and control measures effective for the geohelmintiasis in La Paz.

Palabras clave : intrahepatic bile duct; roundworm lumbricoides.

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