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Acta Nova

versión On-line ISSN 1683-0789


VACA ARAMAYO, Nancy Magali; MORON PEREYRA, María Asunta; URBINA RAMIREZ, Manuela  y  SANCHEZ OMONTE, Bruno Octavio. Percepciones sobre riesgo, vulnerabilidad y estrategias de resiliencia ante un evento climático extremo en la Cuenca Taquiña. RevActaNova. [online]. 2019, vol.9, n.3, pp.450-475. ISSN 1683-0789.

The processes of adaptation to the ecosystems and the transformations of the environment are observed through resilience strategies, these are important to understand how people mitigate the impacts, especially in an area of high risk by human settlements, the aggravating productive activity the situation of vulnerability and the risk for the existence of diversity. Our starting point is people's perceptions of risk in the face of an extreme climate event, due to the overflow of the Taquiña River and family and institutional resilience strategies to address risks and identify the risk factor in the situation of vulnerability of the families that inhabit this part of the Basin. The objective of the research has been to interpret the perceptions of the residents of the Taquiña Basin about risk and resilience strategies, in the face of the situation of vulnerability in which they live, due to climate change and the human-nature relationship, as part of the adaptation and transformation of the environment. This research has been descriptive and exploratory, through the approach to the family way of life in a risk zone. The ethnographic method has been applied as a conception and practice of knowledge that seeks to understand socio-cultural phenomena, starting from the perspective of social actors. The main results: a) there is human settlement close to the river because there is no clarity about the security strip in the area, despite environmental regulations in this regard and because the accelerated pace of population growth is uncontrollable; b) there are no watershed management policies, nor actions of development institutions to preserve the settlements through structural measures; c), "the mountain is cracked" because of the human actions of the "up". The study area, with respect to the flood, has a 7.00 degree of risk that is high, it is perceived that the authorities do not pay due importance and based on the identified vulnerabilities it is necessary to build a Risk Management Plan that minimizes the impact of climate change on the system of the affected area.

Palabras clave : risk factor; vulnerability; resilience; adaptation; transformation; perceptions; climate disaster; extreme weather event.

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