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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

versión impresa ISSN 1562-6776

Resumen

AGUILAR-LIENDO, A M et al. Design of intervention and oser stations on feeding children under two years of age . Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2020, vol.61, n.1, pp. 9-26. ISSN 1562-6776.

Abstract Objetive: To test a teaching-learning methodology, measurement tools and OSCE implementation system in relation to breastfeeding, complementary feeding, growth and counseling. Methodology: The acquisition of competences was studied by applying objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) before and after the development of a structured teaching-learning process. Four assessment stations were organized considering central aspects on feeding and growth of children under two years of age, in a group of randomly selected students during medical internship. Results: The four OSCE stations were applied without difficulties before and after the learning and teaching process. The results showed an improvement in the performance of interns, individually and in groups; in the latter, mean differences were: for complementary feeding pre 2.5 (SD 0.93) and post 5 (SD 2.39); counseling pre 5.75 (SD 1.49) and post 8.13 (SD 1.25); breastfeeding pre 12.63 (SD 2.5) and post 16.38 (SD 2) and growth velocity pre 3.13 (SD 1.36) and post 3.38 (SD 0.92). The results were statistically significant for the first three ítems. Conclusions: Based on these results, the authors suggest improvements in the teaching program, and verify the applicability of the OSCE for the evaluation of rotatory internship at the Hospital del Niño Dr. Ovidio Aliaga Uria.

Palabras clave : Breastfeeding in medicine; Complementary feeding in medicine; OSCE for feeding children under two years of age.

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