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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

versión impresa ISSN 1562-6776


URQUIETA-MALDONADO, M Á; MEJIA-SALAS, H  y  FABIANI-HURTADO, N R. Evaluation of blood pressure in resident teens of great altitude. Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2019, vol.60, n.Especial, pp.20-27. ISSN 1562-6776.

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Blood Pressure (BP) is classified according to guidelines of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) 2017. A teenager with High Blood Pressure (HBP) is a potential candidate to develop Arterial Hypertension (AHT) in adulthood, which is why the control of BP takes its relevance as an early predictor. OBJECTIVE: Establish the prevalence of HBP in adolescents in the city of La Paz. MATERIAL AND METHODS. Descriptive, cross-sectional, self-financed study in 1055 subjects aged 15 to 19 years high altitude residents (3600 ms.n.m.). In the first stage, 10 internal doctors were trained to standardize the measurement technique according to the auscultatory method. The second stage (pilot test). The third stage was the interview with Directors to obtain informed consent to evaluate the BP in the fourth stage. The classification was established according to "The American Academy of Pediatrics clinical practice guidelines for the management of elevated Blood Pressure in children". The data was processed in the IBM SPSS statistical package. RESULTS: The prevalence ofHBP (population at risk for developing AHT according to the 2017 AAP) was 5.5% (n = 58) and the prevalence of AHT1% (n = 10). BMI statistically correlates with BP. DISCUSSION: The prevalence is lower than international references, however, we lack local tables to classify BP as experts recommend. CONCLUSION: Intervention measures should be carried out in the healthy lifestyles of the population at risk. Likewise, routine evaluations of PA and BMI in school adolescents.

Palabras clave : Blood pressure; adolescents; height; arterial hypertension.

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