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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

Print version ISSN 1562-6776


PAYE-HUANCA, E O  and  NAVIA-BUENO, M de P. Prevalence and associated risk factors for overweight and obesity in the adult population of the city of La Paz, Bolivia 2014. Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.Especial, pp.31-40. ISSN 1562-6776.

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for overweight and obesity in the adult population of the city of La Paz, term 2014 MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a transversal analytical observational study, of 470 Individuals in the city of La Paz, on 7 Macrodistricts: Cotahuma, Max Paredes, Periférica, Centro, San Antonio, Sur and Mallasa. A survey was carried out under the STEPwise approach to survey risk factors for chronic non communicable diseases to provide a simple and standardized WHO approach. RESULTS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity is 60.8% (95% CI: 56.4% -65.2%), in women it was 62.6% (95% CI: 57.2% -68.0%) and in men 57.6% (50.1% -65.1%). The risk of overweight and obesity was higheras age increased, OR=2.3 (95% CI 1.6-3.3 p=0.00) in those who slept less than 8 hours per day, OR=2.5 (95% CI 1.7-3.7 p=0.00), in nonsmokers OR=1.6 (95% CI 1.0-2.5 p=0.04) in persons who completed only primary education, OR=2.9 (95% CI 1.8-4.9 p=0.00) in those with no healthy dietary habits OR=5.6 (95% CI 2.6-9.8 p=0.00) in those who have a perception ofbody image in disagreement with their current nutritional status OR=5.6 (95% CI 3.8-8.5 p=0.00), in people who are married orliving with a partner OR=2.5 (95% CI 1.7-3.8 p=0.00). CONCLUSIONS: The study population has a high prevalence of overweight and obesity, which is more noticeable in women than in men. They are risk factors associated with being overweight and obesity in the adult population; the hours of sleep, smoking, and perception of body image, physical activity, marital status, education level and eating habits.

Keywords : Overweight; obesity; associated factors; adults.

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