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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

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CLAROS-BELTRAN, N; PINILLA, L. R; ROJAS, R. D  and  VEGA, C. A. Effectiveness ofantibiotic prophylaxis inacute cholecystitis patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2018, vol.59, n.Especial, pp.15-21. ISSN 1562-6776.

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis with Cefazolin in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to Acute Cholecystitis. METHODS: Prospective Cohort POPULATION: Adult patients (older than 18 years), with acute lithiasic cholecystitis, who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy. PLACE AND TEMPORALITY: Hospital Obrero No. 1 of the Caja Nacional de Salud La Paz - Bolivia, from July to December 2016. RESULTS: A total of 95 patients with Acute Cholecystitis were enrolled and divided in to two groups, group A (without antibiotic prophylaxis) composed of 50 subjects and Group B, (with antibiotic prophylaxis) 45 subjects. The mean age was 48 years old, weight 70 Kg, hight 165 cm and a BMI of 27.4 kg/M2. The mean operating time was 50 minutes (+- 22.185), group A 45 minutes and group B 60 min. Conversion to open surgery happened in 9 patients (9,5%), all in group B. Surgical Site infection (SSI) occurred in 47 patients (49.5%), of whom 30 patients belong to group A (60%) and 18 patients to group B (40%). The calculated Odds ratio is 0.444 (IC 95% 0,195-1.011). There were no bile duct injuries or morality in this study. CONCLUSIONS: The prophylactic administration of Cefazolin does not seems to decrease the probability of SSI in acute cholecystitis treated laparoscopically.

Keywords : Acute Cholecystitis; Laparoscopic cholecystectomy; Antibiotic Prophylactic.

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