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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

versión impresa ISSN 1562-6776


EDUARDO-PINO, Ericka Neida et al. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy. Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2016, vol.57, n.2, pp.45-50. ISSN 1562-6776.

Abstract Acute fatty liver of pregnancy, described in 1934, is a rare but potentially fatal gestational complication. The damage in mother's liver is produced by perinuclear cytoplasmic deposit of fat micro vesicles in hepatocyte related with autosomal recessive enzymatic deficiency in mitochondrial oxidative fatty acids pathway of fetus. The objective of this paper is present an acute fatty liver of pregnancy occurred with clinical criteria and confirmation histopathological study. The present case is about a 43-year old patient, resident of El Alto, La Paz (Bolivia), with jaundice, choluria, auto medicated with acetaminophen, curses also with nausea and vomiting, absence of fetal movements of 35-week fetus, during her evolution in ICU presents hepatic encephalopathy and digestive hemorrhage, dies at 3th day in ICU, hepatic necropsy confirms acute fatty liver of pregnancy. It's worth mentioning the histopathological study, scarcely performed in our country, which, in this case, reports macro and microvacuolar steatosis in liver, associated to an active diffuse chronic inflammatory process compatible with acute fatty liver of pregnancy, in concordance with clinical Swansea criteria.

Palabras clave : Acute fatty liver of pregnancy; critical care obstetrics; necropsy.

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