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Cuadernos Hospital de Clínicas

Print version ISSN 1562-6776


LOPEZ SULLAEZ, Lía Clara  and  MEJIA SALAS, Héctor. Prevalencia de desnutrición materna y su relación con el bajo peso al nacer, Hospital los Andes, gestión 2005. Cuad. - Hosp. Clín. [online]. 2007, vol.52, n.2, pp.46-52. ISSN 1562-6776.

OBJETIVE To determinate maternal undernutrition prevalence and relation with low birth weight in Los Andes hospital. DESIGN Cross sectional LOCATION Los Andes hospital, second level, institutional. PARTICIPANTS 204 pregnant women with parturition or programmed or emergency cesarean, with only child alive or dead with any gestational age; the patients with multiple pregnancy, any etiological edema, membrane's premature rupture and hip dysplasia were excluded. From consecutive cases the sampling wasn't probabilistic. INTERVENTION: none MEASUREMENTS Independent variable was measuremented through Atalah´s body mass index graphic and dependent variable through digital balance, moreover neonatal anthropometry was made. Personal who realized measurements was standardized. RESULTS The maternal undernutrition prevalence is 7,4% and low weight born frequency is 5,9%, premature neonate frequency is 33,34%, intrauterine growth retardation 58,33%. The neonates of undernutrition mothers have mean weight 2940,67 grams, height 48,8 cm and neonates of normal status nutritional have mean weigh 3042,72 grams and height 48,93 cm. CONCLUSION Maternal undernutrition prevalence and low birth weight frequency are lower than others studies, the mean neonatal anthropometry are in normal parameters, but they are smaller in undernutrition mother's neonates.

Keywords : Prevalence; maternal undernutrition; low birth weight.

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