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Ecología en Bolivia

versión impresa ISSN 1605-2528versión On-line ISSN 2075-5023


CLAURE-HERRERA, Angel J. et al. Seed dispersal syndromes frequency in an altitudinal gradient ftom an intet-Andean Bolivian valley. Ecología en Bolivia [online]. 2020, vol.55, n.3, pp.173-209. ISSN 1605-2528.

Seed dispersal is the movement of seeds from the parental individual to another place, where ideally it can be established. Dispersal syndromes can be categorized in several ways, based upon the vector (biotic or abiotic). This study aimed at analyzing the frequency distribution of seed dispersal syndromes along an altitudinal gradient in the La Paz valley (W Bolivia). Based on the list of plant species for this valley, we completed the information on the dispersal syndrome for those species we were able to gather adequate data and related their frequency with elevation and habit. predicting that the higher altitude regions, which will also present more herbaceous species, will show a greater predominance of autocoric species. Results show an effect of elevation and growth habit on the dispersal syndromes based on model comparison (AIC 3077.3 Wi1). The frequency of anemochory was greater at higher altitude (65.6%), we also found that zoochory was more frequent at intermedíate and low ("montano, altimontano & andino inferior altitudinal") regions. On the other hand, a higher frequency of anemochory was found within herbaceous species (>50%) and also an increase in zoochory for woody (shrubs and trees) with ca. 55%. It is safe to pose that our results can be explained, at least partially, by the lower availability of animal vectors (birds, mammals, or others) at higher altitude.

Palabras clave : Altitudinal gradient; Dispersal syndromes; Growth habit; La Paz valley; Seeds.

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