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Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría

On-line version ISSN 1024-0675


BEDREGAL G., Paula; CARVALLO P., Camila; HERNANDEZ LL., Viviana  and  PRADO R., Paulina. Post-traumatic stress disorder after 27/F earthquake in caregivers of preschool children. Factors associated with the caregiver, family and parenting. Rev. bol. ped. [online]. 2015, vol.54, n.3, pp.133-140. ISSN 1024-0675.

Objectives: To describe the PTSD frequency, following the February 27, 2010 (27-F) earthquake in Chile, in preschool caregivers and its association with child development reports and parenting attitudes. Methodology: The study was carried out six months after the earthquake. A cross-sectional survey design was performed in 1625 caregivers of children between 30 and 48 months old, who received care at public health centers. Disorders were evaluated by the self-administered Davidson trauma scale. Additionally, sociodemographic, physical and mental health of caregivers, child development and parenting characteristics were measured. Results: The frequency of PTSD was 7.3%. There were no significant associations between post-traumatic stress in the caregiver and child development. There were statistically significant associations with family functioning (p < 0.05) and enforced beliefs regarding the education of children (p < 0.05), among others. Conclusions: The presence of this disorder in the caregiver may be a risk marker for child care; therefore, after the disaster and through a familiar approach, detection and early treatment are essential.

Keywords : Posttraumatic stress disorder; child development; parenting; family functioning.

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