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Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría

versión impresa ISSN 1024-0675


RAMOS VALENCIA, Omar Víctor. History of the language gene. Rev. bol. ped. [online]. 2014, vol.53, n.2, pp.75-80. ISSN 1024-0675.

Language is one of the most important and complex cognitive functions of the human being, the innate origin of language has been discussed mainly from a linguistically, using data obtained from the analysis of natural languages, however, so parallel, it has been increasing our understanding of the neural bases involved in the emergence and operation of various aspects of human behavior. The definition of the language gene was given by S. Pinker 2001 for who consisted in DNA sequences encoding proteins or trigger the transcription of other proteins at specific times and places in the brain that guide, fixed or attract neurons to those circuits that once produced synaptic adjustment that occurs with learning involved in solving grammatical problems. Several genes involved between it FOXP2, ASPM, MCPH1, and alterations in specific chromosomal locations. Try to set the time held the evolutionary development has allowed draw several lines of research but beyond issues such as which parts of the brain, neurotransmitters and genes are involved in the acquisition, comprehension and production of language, one must also ask how they can explain these different mental processes involved in language neurobiological basis both comprehension and expression.

Palabras clave : language; genes; evolution; development.

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