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Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Pediatría

On-line version ISSN 1024-0675


ZAMORA LINARES, Carlos E.. Associated malformations in children with cleft lip and cleft palate in Manzanillo, Cuba. Rev. bol. ped. [online]. 2013, vol.52, n.1, pp.3-7. ISSN 1024-0675.

Objective: to determinate the prevalence of associated malformations in children with cleft lip and cleft palate. Methods: observational and descriptive study performed on 128 children with cleft lip and/or palate born at the "Fé del Valle" Maternal Hospital, in Manzanillo, Cuba, between 1990 and 2011. Data were systematically and prospectively collected. The following variables were used: sex, color of skin, type of cleft and associated malformations. Information was resumed by frequencies to establish association data and estimate prevalence rates. Risk of associated malformations was estimated for each type of cleft by means of Odds ratio and its 95% confidence intervals. Results: prevalence of associated malformations in these patients was 20,3 % with predominance of osteomioarticular anomalies. Cleft lip associated to cleft palate showed the greater risk of associated malformations (OR=2,08; 95%CI: 0,83-5,2). Conclusions: the prevalence of associated malformations in this population agrees with previous reports. It seems to be more malformations associated with combined clefts.

Keywords : cleft lip and cleft palate; malformation; prevalence.

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