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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; LUIZAGA LOPEZ, Jenny Marcela  and  ILLANES VELARDE, Daniel Elving. Epidemiological situation due to Covid-19 in Bolivia before the end of the international health emergency. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2023, vol.46, n.2, pp.93-102.  Epub Dec 01, 2023. ISSN 1012-2966.

In May 2023, the WHO lifts the declaration of an international health emergency due to Covid-19, but Bolivia continues to maintain the declaration of a national health emergency.


describe the epidemiological situation by Covid-19 in Bolivia compared to South American countries.


Observational study of ecological type was conducted; with aggregated data at the departmental and national level, from the reports of the Bolivian Ministry of Health and the WHO. Absolute frequencies, percentages, and rates of incidence, mortality, lethality, and vaccination coverage are reported, broken down by country and department.


In the South American context, Bolivia ranks 6th in the number of cumulative confirmed cases (n=1,198,404); 7th in the number of deaths (n=22,383), 5th in lethality (1.9%), and 9th in vaccination coverage (52.08%) from ten countries. A decreasing trend is observed in Bolivia, between the first epidemic wave (n=144,592) to the 6th wave (n=88,859); Santa Cruz reported the most cases (n=4037,908) and Pando the lowest (n=15,081). The incidence rate was highest in Tarija and lowest in Potosí. The fatality rate was higher in the first wave (6.20%) and lower in the sixth wave (0.20%). Vaccination coverage with at least one dose was higher in Tarija (75.10%), and the lowest in Beni (57.10%).


Bolivia presents a significant decrease in the total number of new cases reported, with a decrease in the mortality and lethality rate; however, full-schedule vaccination coverage and booster doses continue to be one of the lowest in South America.

Keywords : Bolivia; Covid-19; health emergency; pandemic; epidemiology; vaccination.

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