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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión impresa ISSN 1012-2966versión On-line ISSN 2227-3662


VARGAS ROCHA, Vladimir Erik; SEGALES ROJAS, Patricia  y  VARGAS ROCHA, Brian E..   Laparoscopic resection of giant adrenal myelolipoma . Gac Med Bol [online]. 2021, vol.44, n.1, pp.108-112. ISSN 1012-2966.

Adrenal myelolipomas are benign adrenal neoplasms composed, as the name implies, of adipose tissue and myeloid (hematopoietic) tissue. They comprise between 6 and 16% of adrenal incidentalomas. The size of these tumors is variable and can vary from a few millimeters to more than 10 cm when they are called giant adrenomyelolipomas. The most common clinical presenting symptoms of adrenal myelolipomas are as follows: Abdominal pain: 22.5%, hypochondrial pain: 13.9%, flank pain: 13.9%, abdominal mass: 5.2%, and rarely, dyspnea, back pain, fever, weight loss and virilization. Presentation of the case: 61-year-old male, with the presence of a 15 x 12 cm tumor, dependent on the right adrenal gland, compressing the upper pole of the right kidney, -20 HU, compatible with giant right adrenal myelolipoma, incidental findings, during study protocol due to prostatic growth, a laparoscopic adrenal tumor resection procedure is performed, with excellent clinical results, minimal bleeding and immediate recovery. Conclusion: adrenal myelolipoma is a benign tumor that is diagnosed incidentally in most cases, it is known to be non-functional clinically, although preoperative hormonal studies should always be done. The treatment of adrenal myelolipomas depends on each clinical case, being a recommendation the surgical treatment of large tumors> 5 cm, we suggest that the laparoscopic approach be chosen, as it is the least invasive and with the lowest rate of complications, in addition of the prompt recovery of the patient.

Palabras clave : Myelolipoma; adrenal; laparoscopy.

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