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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


ARZE, Lorena et al. Congenital mesoblastic nephroma: case report. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2021, vol.44, n.1, pp.81-85. ISSN 1012-2966.

Congenital mesoblastic nephroma is an uncommon renal tumor, but frequent in neonates. Classical variety usually benign with excellent prognosis. Cellular cases may be recurrent with retroperitoneal invasion, brain and lung metastasis. Radical nephrectomy is the treatment of choice. Relevant prognostic factors are diagnosis before three months of age and complete resection. A 17 day old patient, borned at 35 weeks due to polyhydramnios, with prenatal diagnosis of abdominal mass. On examination, right flank abdominal mass and arterial hypertension (121/79 mm Hg, MAP 77 mm Hg). Abdominal ultrasound showed an enlarged right kidney with a voluminous solid heterogeneous mass, 4.4 x 4.3 x 4.8 cm in the lower pole, vascularized on Doppler scan. Computed tomography showed a big 5.0 x 4.1 x 5.1 cm, nodular, heterogeneous mass in the lower pole of the right kidney. Right radical nephrectomy was performed with an uneventful recovery. Follow up for the last 20 months satisfactory and free of disease.

Keywords : congenital mesoblastic nephroma; kidney; renal tumor.

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