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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


QUINONES MIRANDA, Miriam Patricia  and  VILLCA VILLEGAS, José Luis. Musculoskeletal diseases and their association with overweight and obesity in older adults, a cross-sectional study . Gac Med Bol [online]. 2021, vol.44, n.1, pp.40-43. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives:  the aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and association of musculoskeletal diseases with overweight and obesity, and the differences with respect to age and sex. Methods: this type of study is cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical, the universe is composed of adult patients over 60 years of age with a diagnosis of musculoskeletal diseases who come for consultation in the period from January to December, year 2019, of the health center “Villa Oruro”, Tiquipaya, Cochabamba, Bolivia, with a non-probabilistic sampling by convenience, the study sample was 353 patients. Results: we evaluated 353 patients over 60 years of age, 156 men and 197 women, with an average age of 71.51 ± 8.45 with an average body mass index of 26.68 ±1.77. Statistical analysis of association of categorical variables, based on body mass index ranges (overweight and obesity) with musculoskeletal diseases, was performed. Conclusions: within the evaluation of overweight and obesity, and their relationship with musculoskeletal pathologies, gonarthrosis is the most related to the presence of overweight and obesity, it is recommended and establish education in the population with healthy eating habits and lifestyles to reduce the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases associated with overweight and obesity.

Keywords : musculoskeletal diseases; obesity; low back pain; osteoarthritis knee; arthritis rheumatoid.

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