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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


VALLEJOS-ROCABADO, Ana Mabel  and  KOLLER-ECHALAR, James. Celiac disease and preneoplastic lesions of the upper digestive tract . Gac Med Bol [online]. 2021, vol.44, n.1, pp.15-18. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: the digestive, hormonal and neuroendocrine disorders and the state of immunosuppression that the celiac patient presents, leads to the development of digestive alterations, the present study aims to determine whether celiac disease is associated with the development of preneoplastic lesions of the upper gastrointestinal tract and compares the results with a control group (non-celiac). Methods: during the period January 2016 to January 2018 at Instituto de Gastroenterología Boliviano Japones - Cochabamba, Bolivia an observational study was conducted, subtype analytical case-control, where 297 samples were obtaining of  patients in a simple random way, both for the case and control group. The IMB SPSS v-20 program was used, the statistical analysis was performed using the Chi square test (with p value = <0,05; 95% IC) and the epidemiological analysis with the calculation of the Odds ratio (OR). Results: a statistically and epidemiological significant association was observed for the celiac group with preneoplastic lesions in the upper gastrointestinal tract (p = 0,001) OR 7,23(IC 95% 5,387 -9,722) compared to the control group that presents a statistical association (p = 0,03); but with a negative epidemiological significance OR 0,708 (IC 95%  0,639 -0,783). Conclusions: there is a higher prevalence of celiac patients with preneoplastic lesions (esophageal and gastric intestinal metaplasia, gastric atrophy, dysplasia), compared to the non-celiac group. This demonstrates the importance of early diagnosis and investigation of this entity, avoiding the development of lesions that could be considered irreversible in the digestive system.

Keywords : atrophy; celiac disease; metaplasia; gastrointestinal tract.

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