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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966


MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; ILLANES VELARDE, Daniel Elving  and  LUIZAGA LOPEZ, Jenny Marcela. Sociodemographic factors associated with malnutrition in elderly people from Cochabamba, Bolivia . Gac Med Bol [online]. 2019, vol.42, n.2, pp.98-105. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objective: to analyze the sociodemographic patterns of malnutrition in the elderly from Cochabamba, Bolivia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted with elderly people over 60 years of age, and permanent residence in Cochabamba. n=7950 participants were randomly selected in 44 of 47 municipalities from Cochabamba department, using the Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA™. The sociodemographic and anthropometric information were collected. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to calculate crude and adjusted odds ratios. Results: the age average was 70.71 ± 7.70 years and 55.7% were women. The prevalence of underweight was 16.0%, 18.9% of overweight and 20.7% of obesity. A higher probability to present underweight was significantly associated with the female sex, the indigenous, those without health insurance and with residence in the Andean region. On the other hand, there is a higher probability of present obesity in women, 60 to 79 years old, and with residence in the metropolitan or tropic regions from Cochabamba. Conclusion: the prevalence of overweight and obesity is higher than underweight in the elderly population from Cochabamba; and sociodemographic factors affect differently the risk of underweight, on the one hand, and overweight or obesity on the other.

Keywords : malnutrition; underweight; obesity; risk factors; elderly; Bolivia.

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