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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966


MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin et al. Characterization of the epidemiological profile of the metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors. Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.2, pp.24-34. ISSN 1012-2966.

The epidemiological profile evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome in the general population using the WHO-STEPS approach of the World Health Organization is incipient or null in many Latin American countries. Objective: to characterize the epidemiological profile of Metabolic Syndrome and risk factors associated in the general population over 18 years of age in Cercado-Cochabamba city, from Bolivia, during the second semester of 2016. Methods: an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted in the general population of 18 years of age or older, with a sample of n = 186 subjects adjusted by age group and sex based on the population pyramid of Cochabamba-Bolivia. WHO-STEPS approach was applied for the collection of information focused on sociodemographic data, life habits, physical and laboratory evaluation. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were calculated as established in the STEP´ implementation manual, and multivariate logistic regression was calculated to obtain adjusted OR for the level of risk associated with Metabolic Syndrome. Results: the overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 44.1%; the prevalence of risk factors associated were: STEP-1, Smoking 11.29%; current alcohol consumption 63.44%; low consumption of fruits and vegetables 76.88%; sedentary lifestyle or low level of physical activity 75.81%. STEP-2: overweight 44.62%; obesity 24.73%; abdominal obesity 38.7% and high blood pressure 35.14%. STEP3: Hyperglycemia in 36.02%; basal insulin elevated 36.56%; total cholesterol 36.02%; Triglycerides elevated 46.77% and HDL-cholesterol reduced in 66.67%. Conclusion: metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in the general population in Cochabamba City and is associated with high levels of BMI, high blood pressure high values of the laboratorial profile.

Palabras clave : Metabolic syndrome; Obesity; WHO-STEPS.

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