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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966


MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin et al. Characterization of the epidemiological profile of the metabolic syndrome and associated risk factors. Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.2, pp.24-34. ISSN 1012-2966.

The epidemiological profile evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome in the general population using the WHO-STEPS approach of the World Health Organization is incipient or null in many Latin American countries. Objective: to characterize the epidemiological profile of Metabolic Syndrome and risk factors associated in the general population over 18 years of age in Cercado-Cochabamba city, from Bolivia, during the second semester of 2016. Methods: an observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was conducted in the general population of 18 years of age or older, with a sample of n = 186 subjects adjusted by age group and sex based on the population pyramid of Cochabamba-Bolivia. WHO-STEPS approach was applied for the collection of information focused on sociodemographic data, life habits, physical and laboratory evaluation. Proportions and 95% confidence intervals were calculated as established in the STEP´ implementation manual, and multivariate logistic regression was calculated to obtain adjusted OR for the level of risk associated with Metabolic Syndrome. Results: the overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 44.1%; the prevalence of risk factors associated were: STEP-1, Smoking 11.29%; current alcohol consumption 63.44%; low consumption of fruits and vegetables 76.88%; sedentary lifestyle or low level of physical activity 75.81%. STEP-2: overweight 44.62%; obesity 24.73%; abdominal obesity 38.7% and high blood pressure 35.14%. STEP3: Hyperglycemia in 36.02%; basal insulin elevated 36.56%; total cholesterol 36.02%; Triglycerides elevated 46.77% and HDL-cholesterol reduced in 66.67%. Conclusion: metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in the general population in Cochabamba City and is associated with high levels of BMI, high blood pressure high values of the laboratorial profile.

Keywords : Metabolic syndrome; Obesity; WHO-STEPS.

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