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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

ABASTO GONZALES, Deiby Susan et al. Risk factors associated with Metabolic Syndrome in car drivers of the public transport from Cochabamba-Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.1, pp. 47-57. ISSN 1012-2966.

Background: metabolic Syndrome is a complex disorder that increases the risk of developing Diabetes Mellitus type 2 and cardiovascular diseases. Objective: to analyze the prevalence of risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome in drivers of public transport in Cochabamba, Bolivia. Methods: a cross-sectional study was conducted, in a reference population of N= 246 car drivers of 6 transport lines in the south zone forme Cochabamba-Bolivia; reaching a sample of n = 69 study subjects and applying the PAHO / WHO STEPS methodology. Chi-square (X2) was used for the statistical association with sex; bi-varied and multivariate logistic regression to obtain the crude and adjusted OR, in relation to the risk factors associated with the MetS. Results: the prevalences of risk factors associated with Metabolic Syndrome were: STEP-1: Smoking 20,3%; current alcohol consumption 63,8%; low consumption of fruits and vegetables 94,2%; sedentary lifestyle or low level of physical activity 66,7%. STEP-2: overweight 47.8%; obesity 37.7%; waist risk or abdominal obesity 37,7% and high blood pressure in 36,4%. STEP3: Hyperglycemia in fasting 43,9%; Insulin resistance 47,8%; high total cholesterol 56.1%; Triglycerides elevated 66,7% and HDL-cholesterol reduced 60,6%. Conclusion: the metabolic syndrome is highly prevalent in the population of drivers of public transport in the south zone from Cochabamba city (79,3%); associated with working time in driving, increase with age, in singles and the employers.

Palabras clave : metabolic syndrome; drivers; public transport; Bolivia.

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