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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966


TORREZ MORALES, Froilán; ESPADA TERAN, Antonio; TORREZ MORALES, Waldo  and  NOGALES AVILES, Leticia. Academic training of physicians in medical schools and their relationship to the health needs of the population in Cochabamba-Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.1, pp.36-40. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objetive: to establish the relationship between the academic training of physicians in medical schools, and the most frequent health needs of the population. Methods: corresponding to a quantitative, descriptive and transversal research, it has as a universe all undergraduate internal doctors who complete their academic training (internship) in the different health facilities of the department. For its realization, two medical school of our department were taken into account for convenience, such as the dependents of San Simón and UNIVALLE, where initially an exhaustive review of the curricular plan was carried out, the workload dedicated to the 10 most frequent pathologies of our country. and department. It has as sample of study to 62 Doctors that culminate their academic formation (Internship) chosen at random; 31 internal doctors of San Simón and 31 internal doctors of UNIVALLE; each one with its own distinguishing characteristics, to which an evaluation of knowledge about the ten most prevalent pathologies of the country and the region was made, which allows us to see and compare the academic formation in its wide spectrum. Results: the country’s health situation reflects high levels of general morbidity and maternal and child mortality in particular. 100% (UMSS = 6158 hours, UNIVALLE = 6498 hours) of curricular workload in the faculties of Medicine under study, 14% (843h) in the first (UMSS) and 9% (589h) in the second (UNIVALLE) , are dedicated to the most frequent health problems of our population.The knowledge average was adequate in 6 of 10 prevalent pathologies of the country and the region, being more in favor of the internal doctors of San Simón than UNIVALLE. Conclusions: the global plan and the academic work load, in the medical schools of San Simón and UNIVALLE referring to the most frequent health problems of our population are insufficient and can be extrapolated to other universities in the country and the region.The academic preparation of the doctors who complete their training in the Faculties of Medicine of the UMSS as UNIVALLE, referring to the most frequent health problems of our population barely reaches 60%, being more in favor of the former. Finally, no direct relationship was found between the academic work load and the degree of academic training, which would mean that there are other factors that influence the teaching and learning process.

Keywords : academic; curricular; medical.

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